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Nursing Care Plan for Bronchopneumonia

NCP - Nursing Care Plan for Bronchopneumonia


Bronchopneumonia BrPn Nursing Care Plan
Bronchopneumonia Definition

Bronchopneumonia is a common inflammation of the lung, also referred to as bronchial pneumonia, or lobular pneumonia. Inflammation starts in the small bronchial tubes - bronchioles, and irregularly spreads to the peribronchiolar alveoli and alveolar ducts. The result is that the inflammatory changes lead to the localized inflammatory consolidation in bronchioles and their surrounding alveoli of the lungs.

Bronchopneumonia Causes

Most of the time, broncho- pneumonia is caused by bacterial infection, especially the pyogenic bacteria to form the suppurative pneumonia. Adenovirus, influenza virus, Mycoplasma pneumoniae also plays a role.

Bronchopneumonia often occurs in human due to the lower body resistance and the impaired defense function of the respiratory tract. So, children, elderly persons and the sickly or weak persons are the main susceptible population.

Bronchopneumonia is the most common pneumonia in children.


Nursing Care Plan for Bronchopneumonia


Nursing Assessment for Bronchopneumonia
  1. Medical History
    • History of respiratory tract infection: cough, runny nose, fever.
    • Anorexia, difficulty swallowing, nausea and vomiting.
    • History of immunity-related diseases such as malnutrition.
    • Other family members have respiratory tract illness.
    • Productive cough, breathing nostrils, rapid and shallow breathing, restlessness, cyanosis.

  2. Physical Examination
    • Fever, tachypnea, cyanosis, respiratory nostril.
    • Auscultation of lung wet Ronchi
    • Laboratory of leukocytosis, increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate or normal.
    • Abnormal chest X-ray (spotting, consolidating scattered in both lungs).

  3. Psychological factors / developments to understand the action
    • Age level of development.
    • Tolerance / ability to understand the action.
    • Coping.
    • Experience separated from family / parents.
    • The experience of previous respiratory tract infections.

  4. Knowledge of family / parents.
    • The family of knowledge about respiratory diseases.
    • The experience of the family of respiratory tract disease.
    • Readiness / willingness of families caring for a child to learn.

Nursing Care Plan for Bronchopneumonia

Nursing Assessment for Bronchopneumonia


Nursing Diagnosis for Bronchopneumonia

Nursing Intervention for Bronchopneumonia

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