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Health - Beta Glucan Lowers Blood Lipids

Beta glucan Lowers Blood Lipids

BERLIN—Barley beta-glucan reduces serum lipid levels, according to research presented in April at the First International Congress on Pre-Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome.

In the six-week study, 76 men and 79 women with hypercholesterolemia, aged

25 to 73, completed a four-week lowfat diet prior to baseline. At the beginning of the trial, test subjects were randomly allocated to one of four treatment groups or a control group and assayed for blood lipids and other cardiovascular disease (CVD) biomarkers. During the course of the study, test groups were administered 3 g and 5 g doses of low molecular weight (LMW) or high molecular weight (HMW) barley beta-glucan (from Cargill) twice daily, in cereal and juice.

Posttreatment assessment of blood lipids and other CVD biomarkers revealed improvements in low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, triglycerides, markers of glycemic control

(glycosylated hemoglobin, HOMA model) and a key marker of inflammation

(hs-CRP).

The researchers concluded both doses of LMW and HMW barley beta-glucan improved blood lipids over a six-week treatment period. More Visit : here
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Breast Enlargement Implant Dangers

Breast Enlargement Implant Dangers

3% suffer leakage within three years causing a deflated implant

Occasionally, breast implants may break or leak. The saline fill is salt water and will be absorbed by the body without ill effects. Older implants with silicone gel can leak also. If this occurs, one of two things may occur. If breakage of the implant shell that has a contracture scar around it, then it may not feel like anything has happed. If the shell breaks and there is not a contracture scar, then leakage into the surrounding tissue results in a sensation that the implant is deflating. The leaking gel may collect in the breast and a new scar may form around it. In other cases gel can migrate through the lymphatic system to another area of the body. Breaks may require a second operation and replacement of the leaking implant. If the gel has migrated it may not be possible to remove all of the silicone gel. This silicone gel is the what some say is related to the initiation of connective tissue disorders.

One study they reviewed showed that 63.6% of breast implants which had been in place for between one and 25 years had ruptured or were leaking. (http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/tech/33450.stm)

For silicone gel and saline-filled implants, some causes of rupture or deflation include : damage by surgical instruments during surgery, overfilling or underfilling of the implant with saline solution (specific only to saline-filled breast implants), capsular contracture ,closed capsulotomy , stresses such as trauma or intense physical manipulation ,excessive compression during mammographic imaging, placement through umbilical incision ,site injury to the breast, normal aging of the implant ,unknown/unexplained reasons.

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Nursing Diagnosis for Dementia

Dementia is a medical condition that affects the brain. It is more common in older people, starting at about the age of sixty years and over.

Ageing is one cause of this condition, but there are other causes such as a stroke, Alzheimer's disease, or an injury to the brain from head trauma. Someone with Dementia may forget simple things that should be familiar to them.

People generally go through Dementia in three stages. During the first stage, a person will have trouble remembering things that they would typically know otherwise. Things such as phone numbers, how to get home, where they parked their car, and other common daily tasks are some of the things that will not be remembered by a person affected by Dementia. The next stage of Dementia is more serious and noticeable by people that know the person. In this stage the individual often does not know how to complete tasks around their own home such as cooking, getting dressed properly and washing themselves. Sometimes in this stage, the person affected also has trouble with their speech. The last stage begins to affect the body as well as the mind. The person may have weakness in certain parts of their body. It may cause them to not be able to move their arms and legs. Their ability to speak may worsen to the point of not making any sense when they talk.

Nursing Diagnosis for Dementia NANDA

Read More : Nursing Interventions for Dementia

http://nursing-care-plan.blogspot.com/2012/01/nursing-diagnosis-for-dementia-nanda.html
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8 Nursing Diagnosis for Pneumonia

DEFINITION OF PNEUMONIA

Pneumonia is an acute inflammation of the lung parenchyma are usually derived from an infection. (Price, 1995)
Pneumonia is an inflammation of the lung parenchyma, distal to the terminal bronchioles including respiratory bronchioles, alveoli, and cause consolidation of lung tissue and cause local disruption of gas exchange. (Zul, 2001)
Bronchopneumonia is used to describe pneumonia that has spread pattern mottled, irregular in one or more localized areas within the bronchi and extends into the adjacent lung parenchyma in the vicinity. In bronchopneumonia occurred consolidation stained area. (Smeltzer, 2001).

ETIOLOGY OF PNEUMONIA
bacterium
Bacterial pneumonia is usually found in old age. Organisms such as gram posifif: Steptococcus pneumonia, S. aerous, and streptococcus pyogenesis. Gram-negative bacteria such as Haemophilus influenza, Klebsiella pneumonia and P. Aeruginosa.
virus
Caused by influenza viruses that spread through droplet transmission. Cytomegalovirus in this case known as the leading cause of viral pneumonia.
mushrooms
Infections caused by fungi such as histoplasmosis spread through inhalation of air containing spores and are commonly found in bird feces, soil and compost.
protozoa
Cause the occurrence of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (CPC). Usually affects patients who have immunosupresi. (Reeves, 2001)

CLINICAL MANIFESTATION OF PNEUMONIA
Clinical manifestations of bronchopneumonia are among others:
1. Difficulty and pain when breathing
  • pleuritic pain
  • Shallow breathing and snoring
  • Tachypnea
2. Breath sounds over the area that had a late consolidation
  • Decreases, then disappears
  • Cracels, rhonchi, egofoni
3. Chest movement is not symmetrical
4. Chills and fever 38.8 ° C to 41.1 ° C, delirium
5. Diaphoresis
6. Anorexia
7. Malaise
8. Thick cough, productive
  • Greenish yellow sputum then turns into a reddish or rusty
9. Restless
10. Cyanosis
  • Area sirkumoral
  • Bluish nail beds
11. Psychosocial problems: disorientation, anxiety, fear of dying
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8 Nursing Diagnosis for Pneumonia
  1. Ineffective Airway Clearance
  2. Impaired Gas Exchange
  3. Ineffective Breathing Pattern
  4. Increased Body Temperature
  5. Risk for Infection
  6. Activity Intolerance
  7. Pain
  8. Imbalanced Nutrition Less Than Body Requirements
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Nursing Care Plan for Mental Retardation

Pediatric Nursing Care Plan - Mental Retardation Nursing Assessment

Assessment can be done through:
  1. Neuroradiology can find abnormalities in the structure of the cranium, such as classification or increased intracranial pressure.
  2. Echoencephalography can show the tumor and hematoma.
  3. A brain biopsy is only useful on a small number of children retardasii mentally. Not easy for parents to accept the role in brain tissue making even small amounts because they add to the brain damage is inadequate.
  4. Bio-chemical research to determine the metabolic rates of various materials which are known to affect brain tissue if not found in large quantities or small, such as hyperglycemia in preterm neonates, accumulation of glycogen in muscles and neurons, fat deposits in the brain and high levels of phenylalanine.

Or can perform the following assessments:
  • Assessment of physical
  • Assessment for growing up
  • Family history assessment, especially regarding mental retardation and hereditary disorders in which mental retardation is one of the main species.
  • Medical history to obtain evidence of trauma to prenatal, perinatal, postnatal, or physical injury.
  • Prenatal maternal infection (eg, rubella), alcoholism, drug consumption.
  • Inadequate nutrition.
  • Environmental deviations.
  • Psychiatric disorders (eg, Autism).
  • Infections, particularly those involving the brain (eg, meningitis, encephalitis, measles) or high body temperature.
  • Chromosome abnormalities.
  • Assist with diagnostic tests such as: analysts chromosomes, metabolic dysfunction, radiography, tomography, electro ensephalography.
  • Perform or assist with intelligence tests. Stanford Binet, Wechsler intellence, Scale, American Assiciation of Mental Retardation Adaptive Behavior Scale.
  • Observation of an early manifestation of mental retardation:
    • Not responsive to contact.
    • Poor eye contact during breastfeeding.
    • Decrease in spontaneous activity.
    • Decreased awareness of sound vibrations.
    • Sensitive stimuli.
    • Breast-feeding is slow.

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Nursing Care Plan Mental Retardation Nursing Diagnosis and Interventions
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Physical Examination for Congestive Heart Failure (CHF)

Congestive heart failureor Heart failure is inability of the heart to pump an adequate amount of blood to the systemic circulation to meet the body's metabolic demands.

In most cases, heart failure is a process that occurs over time, when an underlying condition damages the heart or makes it work too hard, weakening the organ. Heart failure is characterized by shortness of breath (dyspnea) and abnormal fluid retention, which usually results in swelling (edema) in the feet and legs.

Common symptoms of congestive heart failure include:
  • Shortness of breath with exertion or when lying down
  • Cough
  • Swelling in legs, feet and ankles (pooling of blood)
  • Swelling of the abdomen
  • Weight gain
  • Loss of appetite, indigestion
  • Irregular or rapid pulse
  • Low blood pressure
  • Weakness and fatigue
  • Heart palpitations (feeling the heart beat)
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Other symptoms may include:
  • Decreased in alertness or ability to concentrate
  • Decreased urine production
  • Nighttime urination (the need to get out of bed to go to the bathroom)
  • Nausea and vomiting

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Physical Examination for Congestive Heart Failure (CHF)
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