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Nursing Interventions for Drug Addiction : Narcotics, Psychotropic and Other Addictive Substance

Nursing Interventions for Drug Addiction : 
Narcotics, Psychotropic and Other Addictive Substance
  1. Overdose Conditions

    Goal :
    Patients do not experience life threatening

    Nursing Intervention :
    • Observation of vital signs, consciousness in 15 minutes in the first 3 hours, 30 minutes to 3 hours the second, each 1 hour in the next 24 hours
    • Work with the doctor for medication
    • Observation of fluid balance
    • Maintain patient safety
    • Accompany patient
    • Fixation if necessary

  2. Intoxication Condition

    Goal :
    Intoxication in patients can be overcome, anxiety is reduced / lost

    Nursing Intervention :
    • Establish trusting relationship
    • Assessing the level of anxiety
    • Speak in simple language, short and easy to understand
    • Listen to the patient talk
    • Frequent use of therapeutic communication
    • Avoid the attitude that creates a feeling of suspicion, stick to the promise, to give real answers, do not whisper in front of the patient, be firm, friendly.

  3. Withdrawal Condition

    Nursing Intervention :
    • Observation of the signs of seizures
    • Give a warm compress on the abdomen when the spasms
    • Providing care to patients delusions, hallucinations: primarily to reduce the feeling that caused this problem: fear, suspicion, anxiety, excessive joy, justify a wrong perception
    • Working together with the doctor in providing pain medication.


  4. Detoxication Condition

    Nursing Intervention :
    • Practice concentration: group held a morning discussion
    • Provide counseling to moral and spiritual changes that deviate, change the patient to become responsible human beings, mentally healthy, feeling grateful, and optimistic
    • Preparing patients to return to the community, by working with social workers, psychologists.

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