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Madeleine Leininger

Madeleine Leininger (13 July 1925 in Sutton, Nebraska, U.S.) is a pioneering nursing theorist, first published in 1961. Her contributions to nursing theory involve the discussion of what it is to care. Most notably, she developed the concept of transcultural nursing, bringing the role of cultural factors in nursing practice into the discussion of how to best attend to those in need of nursing care.

Dr. Madeline Leininger is the founder of the transcultural nursing movement and is one of nursing's most prolific writers. She developed the ethnonursing research model and is the field's authority on cultural care.
The cultural care theory aims to provide culturally congruent nursing care through "cognitively based assistive, supportive, facilitative, or enabling acts or decisions that are mostly tailor-made to fit with individual, group's, or institution's cultural values, beliefs, and lifeways" (Leininger, M. M. (1995). Transcultural nursing: Concepts, theories,research & practices. New York: McGraw Hill, Inc.5, p.75) This care is intended to fit with or have beneficial meaning and health outcomes for people of different or similar cultural backgrounds.

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